This is part five of my eight-part series covering the basics of graphic design! (Catch up: Part 1 – Part 2 – Part 3 – Part 4)

Proportion can be defined as the relationship of one thing to another in terms of quantity, size, or number; the ratio. It’s the feeling of unity created when all parts relate well with each other. To think of it in a more literal sense, when drawing people, proportion can refer to the size of the head compared to the rest of the body.

Proportion is a principle that integrates other design principles – balance, for example. Proportion is one of those things you probably won’t notice until it is wrong. For instance, if you draw a person with a head larger than their entire body, it would be considered out of proportion. But, creating things of different proportions in a design can help create emphasis and movement.

Here are a few designs for examples of proportion!

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